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These are of international scope. , Protestantism is a movement within Christianity which owes its name to the 1529 Protestation at Speyer, but originated in 1517 when Martin Luther began his dispute with the Roman Catholic Church. ", "Fellowship of Concerned Churchmen - Directory of Jurisdictions", "World Directory | Mennonite World Conference", "Holiness churches — World Council of Churches", "Spirit and Power - A 10-Country Survey of Pentecostals", "When Did Evangelical Christianity Begin? Reliable and most recent statistics, preferrably provided by the organisations themselves, are of interest to this article. On the other hand, the surviving Waldensians ended up joining Reformed Protestantism, so it is not completely inaccurate to refer to their movement as Protestant.  Other denominations, such as the Eastern Orthodox Church and bodies in Old and True Orthodoxy, often label the Oriental Orthodox Churches as "Monophysite"; as the Oriental Orthodox do not adhere to the teachings of Eutyches, they themselves reject this label, preferring the term "Miaphysite". These are denominations, movements, and organizations deriving from mainstream Protestantism but are not classifiable under historic or current Protestant movements nor as parachurch organizations. Modern movements such as Christian fundamentalism, Pietism, Evangelicalism, the Holiness movement and Pentecostalism sometimes cross denominational lines, or in some cases create new denominations out of two or more continuing groups (as is the case for many united and uniting churches, for example; e.g. Lutheranism initially began as an attempt to reform the Catholic Church before the excommunication of its members. Try … Protestant Churches . These organizations are not churches but work with churches or represent a coalition of churches. , Anglicanism or Episcopalianism has referred to itself as the via media between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism. Mentioned international bodies together accounted for some 420 million people in 2010. Two examples of impaired communion between the Orthodox churches include the Moscow-Constantinople schisms of 1996 and 2018.  These churches reject the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and those after it. Protestantism today is as multi-faceted as ever. Together, the Assyrian, Ancient, Chaldean Syrian and Chaldean Catholic Church comprised over 1.6 million in 2018. Some 60-80 million Christians are Methodists and members of the World Methodist Council. Protestant churches today consist of hundreds, perhaps even thousands, of denominations with roots in the Reformation movement.  Some of them have a disputed administrative status (i.e. Many of the splinter groups did not subscribe to trinitarian theologies. Often there is considerable disagreement between various groups about whether others should be labeled with pejorative terms such as "cult", or about whether this or that group enjoys some measure of respectability. This is a list of the largest Protestant denominations. The Hartford Institute's database lists more than 1,300 such Protestant and Evangelical churches in the United States. Calvinism follows the theological traditions set down by John Calvin, John Knox and other Reformation-era theologians. Many Protestant pastors, led by Martin Niemöller, formed the Confessional Church in opposition to Hitler's Reich Church. Protestant congregations in Ireland. These churches emerged during the reformation era, particularly in Switzerland and The … This period of time, known as the Reformation, began a series of events resulting over the next 500 years in several newly denominated churches (listed below). It is also called the Nestorian Church or the Church of Persia. These churches consider themselves Eastern or Oriental Orthodox but are not in communion with the main bodies of Eastern and Oriental Orthodoxy. Total so far: 1001 pages. These united or uniting churches are the result of a merger between distinct denominational churches (e.g., Lutherans and Calvinists). Lists of the largest Protestant bodies. Many such groups originated from schisms of these larger denominations, and they claim to have preserved the historical episcopate or apostolic succession, though such claims are frequently disputed or rejected outright by the historic churches of Rome, Constantinople, the Old Catholic Union of Utrecht, and Canterbury.. The World Evangelical Alliance is so far the only major transdenominational evangelical Protestant organization that operates internationally.  The smallest of these groups may have only a few dozen adherents or an unspecified number of participants in independent churches as described below. Eglise du Christ au Congo(Democratic Republic of the Congo, about 25,000,000) The scheme came to an end in 1886, but the office was continued by the Church of England, which in 1957 elevated its representative in Jerusalem to the rank of Archbishop.  A select few of these churches are recognized by certain individual provinces of the Anglican Communion. The following is not a complete list, but aims to provide a comprehensible overview of the diversity among denominations of Christianity, ecumenical organizations, and Christian ideologies not necessarily represented by specific denominations. Some sects, known as the "Prairie Saints", broke away because they did not recognize Brigham Young as the head of the church, and did not follow him West in the mid-1800s. Protestant bodies being considered in this article are divided into: In 2010, the most numerous international bodies accounted for more than a half of worldwide Protestant population,[note 1] while the most numerous national bodies accounted for more than 200 of the world's 800 million Protestants. They represent some of the largest growing movements in Protestant Christianity. Some of these denominations consider themselves as part of True Orthodoxy or the Old Believers as examples, and have walled themselves off from other Christian denominational groups over issues of ecumenism. Brings together Lutherans from all over the world, and is the largest of such organizations. , Its patriarchal lines divided in a tumultuous period from the 16th-19th century, finally consolidated into the Eastern Catholic Chaldean Church (in full communion with the Pope of Rome), and the Assyrian Church of the East. Divisions between one denomination and another are primarily defined by authority and doctrine. Calvinists differ from Lutherans on the real presence of Christ in the Eucharist, theories of worship, and the use of God's law for believers, among other things. Issues regarding the nature of Jesus, Trinitarianism, salvation, the authority of apostolic succession, eschatology, It was actually very often practiced in the first century A.D. at the time of Jesus, but could be traced further back in some religions. Since about 1950, women have entered the ministry, and some have assumed leading positions (e.g. The most accepted figure among various authors and scholars includes around 900 million to a little over 1 billion Protestant Christians..  There were approximately 2.1 million Anabaptists as of 2015. Asian-initiated churches are those arising from Chinese and Japanese regions that were formed during repression in authoritarian eras as responses from government crackdowns of their old Christian denominations which were deemed illegal or unrecognized in their countries' state atheism or religion. For instance, similar rituals were practiced by some strands of Judaism to purify and integrate new members into the community. Niemöller was held in a concentration camp during the period 1937-1945. Several Old Believer denominations have reunified with the Russian Orthodox Church and subsequent wider Eastern Orthodox communion. Non-national bodies. Church information on over 45,000 UK Christian churches, with photo, map, description, contact details, and visitor information. National Primitive Baptist Convention of the U.S.A. New England Evangelical Baptist Fellowship, Regular Baptist Churches, General Association of, Two-Seed-in-the-Spirit Predestinarian Baptists, Union d'Églises baptistes françaises au Canada, United American Free Will Baptist Conference, United Baptist Convention of the Atlantic Provinces, Evangelical Church of the Dominican Republic, Independent Christian Churches/Churches of Christ, List of Christian denominations § Oneness Pentecostalism, Affirming Pentecostal Church International, Global Alliance of Affirming Apostolic Pentecostals, Apostolic Assembly of the Faith in Christ Jesus, Bible Way Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Christian Congregation in the United States, Church of God of the Original Mountain Assembly, Church of the Little Children of Jesus Christ, Church of Our Lord Jesus Christ of the Apostolic Faith, Evangelical Christian Churches Assemblies of God in Italy, Evangelical Pentecostal Church of Besançon, Fire Baptized Holiness Church of God of the Americas, Independent Assemblies of God, International, International Assemblies of God Fellowship, International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, International Fellowship of Christian Assemblies, International Pentecostal Church of Christ, International Pentecostal Holiness Church, Mission of Full Gospel - Christian Open Door, Evangelical Association of Reformed and Congregational Christian Churches, Federation of Evangelical Churches in Italy, Union of Methodist and Waldensian Churches, United Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands, United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus (Place of Jesus), Mulu Wongel (Full Gospel Believers) Church, Meserete Kristos (Christ Foundation) Church, Evangelical Presbyterian and Reformed Church in Peru, Eternal Sacred Order of Cherubim and Seraphim, List of Independent Catholic denominations, American Catholic Church in the United States, Archdiocese of the Old Catholic Church of America, Evangelical Catholic Church (Independent Catholic), Imani Temple African-American Catholic Congregation, Old Roman Catholic Church in North America, Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan Church), St. Stanislaus Kostka Church (St. Louis, Missouri), Traditionalist Mexican-American Catholic Church, Autocephalous Turkish Orthodox Patriarchate, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church Canonical, Orthodox Church of Greece (Holy Synod in Resistance), Church of God and Saints of Christ (Orthodox Christianity), The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord, Holy Spirit Association for the Unification of World Christianity, Unitarian Universalist Christian Fellowship, International Council of Unitarians and Universalists, General Assembly of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches, List of sects in the Latter Day Saint movement, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite), Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Restoration Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Restored Church of Jesus Christ (Eugene O. Walton), Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, The True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Days, Church of God International (United States), Lord's New Church Which Is Nova Hierosolyma, Family Federation for World Peace and Unification, World Peace and Unification Sanctuary Church, Israelite School of Universal Practical Knowledge, Ecumenical Institute for Study and Dialogue, Fellowship of Saint Alban and Saint Sergius. Some bodies included on this list do not consider themselves denominations. The largest Pentecostal denomination in the world. Individual bodies, however, may use alternative terms to describe themselves, such as church, convention, communion, assembly, house, union, network, or sometimes fellowship. Anglicans or Episcopalians also self-identify as both Catholic and Reformed. Individual bodies, however, may use alternative terms to describe themselves, such as church, convention, communion, assembly, house, union, network, or sometimes fellowship.  This also illustrates that denominations can arise not only from religious or theological issues, but political and generational divisions as well. These churches are also known as Arminian: Charismatic/Pentecostal. The two movements emphasize direct personal experience of God through baptism with the Holy Spirit.  All modern Christian denominations are said to have descended from the Jewish and Pauline Christianities, with Gnostic Christianity dying, or being hunted out of existence after the early Christian era and being largely forgotten until discoveries made in the late 19th and early twentieth centuries.  It is headed by the Bishop of Rome—the Pope, traditionally called the Patriarch of the West—with headquarters in Vatican City, enclaved within Rome, Italy. Springing  The Eastern Orthodox Church had about 230 million members as of 2019[update], making it the second largest single denomination behind the Catholic Church. Anglican Communion. Index of Articles on Protestant Denominations.  As a result of the two movements, the Catholic Charismatic Renewal was established. Brings together Methodists from all over the world, and is the largest of such organizations. The largest denomination is the Catholic Church with more than 1.3 billion members. Lutherans are a major branch of Protestantism, identifying with the theology of Martin Luther, a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer, and theologian.  These "denominational families" are often imprecisely also called denominations. Dr. Samson Olasupo Adeniyi Ayokunle, President (and chief executive officer). Following the Stone-Campbell Restoration Movement, William Miller preached the end of the world and the second coming of Christ in 1843/44. The Porvoo Communion brings Lutherans and Anglicans in Europe into a common communion. Divisions between one denomination and another are primarily defined by authority and doctrine. ", "Statement of the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church 8 November 2000 : Russian Orthodox Church (archive)", "CNEWA – The Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church", "Statement by the Holy Synod of the Russian Orthodox Church concerning the encroachment of the Patriarchate of Constantinople on the canonical territory of the Russian Church | The Russian Orthodox Church", "Russia Takes Further Step Toward Major Schism in Orthodox Church", "Responses to Some Questions Regarding Certain Aspects of the Doctrine on the Church", Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, "The Pontifical Yearbook 2017 and the "Annuarium Statisticum Ecclesiae" 2015", "The beautiful witness of the Eastern Catholic Churches", World Council of Churches: Evangelical churches, "Christianity 2015: Religious Diversity and Personal Contact", "About The World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC) :: World Communion of Reformed Churches (WCRC)", "Chinese Calvinism flourishes | Andrew Brown", "Whatever happened to the Anglican Via Media? This is obviously not an exhaustive list, but these two areas will, I believe shape the future direction of Christianity in the third Millennium. There are numerous churches following the Anglican tradition that are not in full communion with the Anglican Communion. This graph shows the largest churches among Evangelical and Conservative Protestant denominations in the United States in 2010, by number of adherents. , The Holiness movement involves a set of beliefs and practices which emerged from 19th-century Methodism. United and uniting churches who hold membership in the Anglican Communion, Other Anglican churches and Continuing Anglican movement, Early Sabbath-Keeping movements, predating Millerism, Adventist movement (Seventh Day Sabbath/Saturday observing), American Israelism and Latter Day Saint movement, Fundamentalist Rocky Mountain Latter Day Saints, List of Christian denominations by number of members, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, History of Christianity during the Middle Ages, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Malta, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Great Britain, Vicariate for Palestine and Jordan in the USA, American Carpatho-Russian Orthodox Diocese, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of North America, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, Antiochian Orthodox Archdiocese of Mexico, Antiochian Orthodox Mission in the Philippines, Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Estonian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Philippine Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate), Catholic particular churches and liturgical rites, Greek Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia, Ruthenian Greek/Byzantine Catholic Church, List of the largest Protestant denominations, Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus, Association of Free Lutheran Congregations, Church of the Lutheran Brethren of America, Confessional Evangelical Lutheran Conference, Evangelical Lutheran Free Church (Germany), Lutheran Church of Central Africa Malawi Conference, Lutheran Church of Central Africa Zambia Conference, Evangelical Lutheran Diocese of North America, Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, American Association of Lutheran Churches, Evangelical Lutheran Church - Synod of France and Belgium, Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Lutheran Congregations in Mission for Christ, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Slovakia, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Madhya Pradesh, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa, Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Himalayan States, Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea, Evangelical Lutheran Free Church of Norway, Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chotanagpur and Assam, Christian Reformed Church in North America, Christian Reformed Church in Sierra Leone, Christian Reformed Church in South Africa, Continued Reformed Churches in the Netherlands, Communion of Reformed Evangelical Churches, Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa - NG Church, Evangelical and Reformed Church in Honduras, Evangelical Reformed Church in Bavaria and Northwestern Germany, National Union of Independent Reformed Evangelical Churches of France, Protestant Reformed Christian Church in Croatia, Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (Liberated), United Reformed Churches in North America, Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa, List of Presbyterian denominations in North America, Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church of Mexico, Conservative Presbyterian Church in Brazil, Costa Rican Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America, Evangelical Covenant Order of Presbyterians, Evangelical Presbyterian Church (Australia), Evangelical Presbyterian Church in England and Wales, Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Malawi, Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Ukraine, Evangelical Presbyterian Church (United States), Free Presbyterian Church of North America, Fundamentalist Presbyterian Church in Brazil, National Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Guatemala, Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand, Presbyterian Reformed Church (North America), Reformed Presbyterian Church General Assembly, Reformed Presbyterian Church – Hanover Presbytery, Reformed Presbyterian Church in the United States, Reformed Presbyterian Church of Australia, Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America, United Presbyterian Church of North America, Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa, Westminster Presbyterian Church in the United States, Westminster Presbyterian Church of Australia, Congregational Christian Church in American Samoa, Congregational Christian Churches in Canada, Conservative Congregational Christian Conference, Evangelical Congregational Church in Angola, Evangelical Fellowship of Congregational Churches, Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches, National Association of Congregational Christian Churches, Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Brazil, Union of Evangelical Congregational Churches in Bulgaria, United Church of Christ-Congregational in the Marshall Islands, United Congregational Church of Southern Africa, Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia, Church in the Province of the West Indies, Church of the Province of South East Asia, Church of the Province of the Indian Ocean, Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East, Lusitanian Catholic Apostolic Evangelical Church, Province of the Anglican Church of Burundi, Province of the Anglican Church of Rwanda, Province of the Anglican Church of the Congo, Province of the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, Province of the Episcopal Church of Sudan, Communion of Evangelical Episcopal Churches, Alliance of Mennonite Evangelical Congregations, Canadian Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, Conference of the Mennonite Brethren Churches in India, US Conference of Mennonite Brethren Churches, Conservative Grace Brethren Churches, International, Old German Baptist Brethren, New Conference, Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland, Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America, Baptist Evangelical Christian Union of Italy, Baptist Missionary Association of America, Conservative Baptist Association of America, Convention of Baptist Churches of Northern Circars, Council of Baptist Churches in Northeast India, Council of Baptist Churches in Northern India, Evangelical Baptist Mission of South Haiti, Fellowship of Evangelical Baptist Churches in Canada, Fundamental Baptist Fellowship of America, General Association of Regular Baptist Churches. 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